Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy

interpsonde > Interpolated SondeVAP Type(s) > Baseline

ARM radiosonde (SONDE) files provide a key reference to the atmospheric state, but this is only available at the time of those radiosonde launches. However, many applications or retrievals may require a quick estimate of the atmospheric state at higher time resolution, or may simply demand a more convenient time-height gridding of these SONDE data. The Interpolated Sonde (INTERPSONDE) value-added product (VAP) transforms ARM SONDE data into continuous daily files with thermodynamic parameters on fixed time-height grids. INTERPSONDE linearly interpolates the atmospheric state variables from available SONDE data sets in time for each height level.

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There are various benefits to the separate SONDE files and radiosonde VAPs. The INTERPSONDE VAP faithfully reports the same thermodynamic profile at the time of the ARM radiosonde launch. By excluding model outputs, INTERPSONDE products are typically available for download faster than ARM’s Merged Sounding (MERGESONDE) VAP, and these thermodynamic profiles are independent of model influence as in MERGESONDE. For sites with frequent radiosonde launches, INTERPSONDE may more directly facilitate model evaluation with radiosonde observations. Because of this short turnaround period for product generation, the INTERPSONDE VAP is used by several routine ARM retrieval products such as the ARSCL and MICROBASE suites of cloud property VAPs.

This VAP provides one-minute time resolution. For additional information on the VAP interpolation procedures, please consult the technical report for the product.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Collis SM, JJ Helmus, ZS Sherman, and RC Jackson. 2022. Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates (CMAC) X-SAPR Technical Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-283. 10.2172/1898601.

Jeong J, M Witte, I Glenn, M Smalley, M Lebsock, K Lamer, and Z ZHU. 2022. "Distinct dynamical and structural properties of marine stratocumulus and shallow cumulus clouds in the Eastern North Atlantic." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127(19), e2022JD037021, 10.1029/2022JD037021.
Research Highlight

Giangrande S, J Comstock, S Collis, J Shilling, K Gaustad, K Kehoe, S Xie, and D Zhang. 2022. Translator Plan: A Coordinated Vision for Fiscal Years 2023-2025. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-22-003. 10.2172/1893730.

Neggers R and P Griewank. 2022. "A decentralized approach for modeling organized convection based on thermal populations on microgrids." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 14(10), e2022MS003042, 10.1029/2022MS003042.
Research Highlight

Borque P, A Varble, and J Hardin. 2022. "Peak Rain Rate Sensitivity to Observed Cloud Condensation Nuclei and Turbulence in Continental Warm Shallow Clouds During CACTI." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, , e2022JD036864, 10.1029/2022JD036864. ACCEPTED.

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Scott Giangrande
Brookhaven National Laboratory

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