Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy

sonde > Balloon-Borne Sounding SystemInstrument Type(s) > Baseline • Evaluation • External • Guest

The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Sonde operations can provide important constraints for model simulations if used during field campaigns where multiple stations are operated around a central location with baseline measurements, such as a mobile facility. When deployed, sondes are launched at scheduled intervals.

Locations

  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

2022

Ye J, L Liu, Q Wang, S Hu, and S Li. 2022. "A Novel Machine Learning Algorithm for Planetary Boundary Layer Height Estimation Using AERI Measurement Data." IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 19, 1002305, 10.1109/LGRS.2021.3073048.

2021

Petäjä T, K Tabakova, A Manninen, E Ezhova, E O’Connor, D Moisseev, V Sinclair, J Backman, J Levula, K Luoma, A Virkkula, M Paramonov, M Räty, M Äijälä, L Heikkinen, M Ehn, M Sipilä, T Yli-Juuti, A Virtanen, M Ritsche, N Hickmon, G Pulik, D Rosenfeld, D Worsnop, J Bäck, M Kulmala, and V Kerminen. 2021. "Influence of biogenic emissions from boreal forests on aerosol–cloud interactions." Nature Geoscience, , 10.1038/s41561-021-00876-0.

Fitch K and T Garrett. 2021. "Graupel Precipitating from Thin Arctic Clouds with Liquid Water Paths less than 50 g m-2." Geophysical Research Letters, 49(1), e2021GL094075, 10.1029/2021GL094075.

Dai N, R Kramer, B Soden, and T L’Ecuyer. 2021. "Evaluation of CloudSat Radiative Kernels Using ARM and CERES Observations and ERA5 Reanalysis." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126(23), e2021JD034510, 10.1029/2020JD034510.

Hines K, D Bromwich, I Silber, L Russell, and L Bai. 2021. "Predicting Frigid Mixed‐Phase Clouds for Pristine Coastal Antarctica." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126(23), e2021JD035112, 10.1029/2021JD035112.


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